Tea for Plants / Tea for the Planet
Defining compost tea can be a loaded subject as it is different thing to different people. In our opinion, compost tea can be simply described as a water extraction of compost. Compost soaked in water to extract the many beneficial nutrients and more importantly the organisms present in compost. Some may refer to this as a compost extract and not compost tea. To each their own.
Actively Aerated Compost Tea (AACT) is a water extraction of compost using high volumes of oxygen, thus maintaining a highly aerobic enviroment and a more precise cultivation and extraction of the beneficial organisms present in the compost. Compost Teas can be fed specific ingredients to cultivate select microbial life present in the mature compost. The increased oxygen levels and select foods added to compost teas act as a catalyst feeding both active organisms such as bacteria, protozoa as well as fungal spores into an accelerated growth.
Once suspended into a liquid solution, the beneficial organisms in compost extract, compost tea, or actively aerated compost tea can easily be applied to soils, plant leaf surfaces, compost heaps, ponds or other natural systems serving as a probiotic for plants and soil.
A good quality compost, possessing a full-diversity of biology, is the key to effective compost teas. Different food sources and techniques used to produce the compost (vermicompost, mushroom compost, forest humus, etc.) will offer differing biological activity and nutritional content. Biological assessments are the only means to ensure that a diversity of active biology is present in compost. Ensuring that the proper biology is present in your starter compost is necessary to achieve the desired results from brewing compost teas. Either purchase compost from a source willing to provide biological assessments of their product or have your own compost tested. You can view a Biological Assessment of our Earthworm Castings here...
Why Compost Tea?
"The point of applying compost tea is to return the biology that should be present, to grow the desired plants with as little effort as possible. There can be no question that presence of beneficial organisms improves plant growth" -Dr. Elaine Ingham et al, 1985, USDA Soil Biology Primer, 1995.
What does Compost Tea Do?
Digestive health is essential for the proper conversion and absorption of nutrients from our diet. Much like within our digestive tract, it is a diversity of key organisms within the soil that aid in the digestion or decomposition of organic matter and the conversion of nutrients into forms readily available to plants. The collective biology at work in soil is responsible for building humus and soil structure, assisting with water and nutrient retention, as well as the recycling and mining of nutrients and minerals. Compost extracts and actively aerated compost teas can improve the digestive health of your soils by inoculating them with billions of beneficial microbes. Think of compost teas and compost extracts as a probiotic for your soil. Specific organisms present in compost have been identified to posess disease suppressive capabilities and the capacity to form a protective barrier from disease and pests throughout a plants root and leaf zones outcompeting pathogens and parasitic organisms for food resources. Building a diverse soil ecosystem teeming with life will help to improve the health and productivity of your farm and gardens.
"The problem in agriculture has not been a lack of nutrients, but a lack of the proper biology to make those nutrients available to plants." -Dr. Elaine Ingham, Soil Foodweb, Inc.
The home brewing of actively aerated compost teas (AACT) and extracts provide an affordable healthy alternative to toxic chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides. Home brewed teas along with applications of mature compost work extremely well in building a productive and healthy soil ecosystem.
Compost Teas can be used on lawns, vegetable gardens, annuals, perennials, houseplants, shrubs, trees, orchards, forests, and vineyards.
For further reading on brewing and working with compost tea we recommend the following books:
The Soil Biology Primer - by: Published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture; contributing writers, Dr. Elaine R. Ingham of Oregon State University, Dr. Andrew R. Moldenke of Oregon State University and Dr. Clive A. Edwards of Ohio State University
The Compost Tea Brewing Manual - by: Dr. Elaine Ingham
Teaming with Microbes - by: Jeff Lowenfels & Wayne Lewis
Secrets of the Soil - by: Peter Tompkins & Christopher Bird
The Rodale Book Of Composting; Rodale Press
Compost Tea Research
The links below will take you to studies and stories on the effect of compost teas on a variety of plant types.
- "Compost tea research enters its Second Year"
"Study aims to shed light on current debates over the safety and efficacy of compost tea as an organic material" from - The Rodale Institute New Farm Research Report
- "Compost Tea and Milk to Suppress Powdery Mildew (Podosphaera xanthii) on Pumpkins" form the University of Connecticut
- "The Myth of Compost Tea, Episode I: compost tea is an effective alternative to traditional pesticides" by: Linda Chalker-Scott, Ph.D., Extension Horticulturist and Associate Professor, Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Washington State University
- "The Myth of Compost Tea, Episode III: Aerobically-brewed compost tea suppresses disease" by: Linda Chalker-Scott, Ph.D., Extension Horticulturist and Associate Professor, Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Washington State University